Glossary

1035 Exchange

A method of exchanging insurance-related assets without triggering a taxable event. Cash-value life insurance policies and annuity contracts are two products that may qualify for a 1035 exchange.

401(k) Plan

A qualified retirement plan available to eligible employees of companies. 401(k) plans allow eligible employees to defer taxation on a specific percentage of their income that is to be put toward retirement savings; taxes on this deferred income and on any earnings the account generates are deferred until the funds are withdrawn—normally in retirement. Employers may match part or all of an employee’s contributions. Employees may be responsible for investment selections and enjoy the direct tax savings.

401(k) Loan

A loan taken from the assets within a 401(k) account. 401(k) loans charge interest and are normally paid back through payroll deductions. If the borrower leaves an employer before a 401(k) loan has been repaid, the full amount of the loan is generally due. If the borrower fails to repay the loan, it is considered a distribution, and ordinary income taxes may be due, along with any applicable tax penalties.

403(b) Plan

A 403(b) plan is similar to a 401(k). A 403(b) is a qualified retirement plan available to employees of non-profit and government organizations.

Microinsurance products recommend coverage to low income family units or to individuals who have little savings. It is adapted particularly for lower valued belongings and reimbursement for illness, injury, or death. Microinsurance is by no means a new observable fact and has existed in several economies in a variety of forms for some time.

A concise note make known by the Munich Re Foundation affirms that a product is mainly defined as microinsurance if it is self-effacing in premium and meets the following four criteria:

  • Target population: The product targets the lower income division of the population, those who so far have been expelled from conventional insurance offerings.

  • Business line: Microinsurance can exist in all business lines, including life, accident and disability, health, property, agriculture (crop and livestock).

  • Sales: Microinsurance may be supplied by a variety of stakeholders and through a multiplicity of channel types.

  • Affordability: The premium amount is appropriate with the income level of the low income sector.

Microinsurance shields low income people by insuring aligned with a specific risk (or risks) general to individuals or communities in developing countries. So, the prefix “micro” does not refer to the scale or subject of the risk. Somewhat, it refers to the size of the premiums and probable pay outs comparative to those of the “regular” insurance policies mostly found in the more developed world.

How Microinsurance Works?

Microfinance is sub divided into microinsurance which looks to help low income families by offering insurance plans customized to their requirements. Microinsurance is mostly found in developing countries, where the current insurance markets are incompetent or fictional. Because the coverage value is lower than the accustomed insurance plan, the insured people pay significantly smaller premiums.

Microinsurance, like usual insurance, is available for a wide multiplicity of risks. These risks may include both health risks and property risks. Some of these risks include crop insurance, livestock/cattle insurance, insurance for theft or fire, health insurance, life insurance, death insurance, disability insurance, and insurance for natural disasters, etc.

Reminiscent of customary insurance, microinsurance functions based on the conception of risk pooling, regardless of of its small unit size and its actions at the level of single communities. Microinsurance joins together multiple small units into larger structures, making networks of risk pools that increase both insurance functions and support structures. To get help related to microinsurance you can contact financial advisor Birmingham Al.

WHY IS MICROINSURANCE RELEVANT?

In developing countries mostly low income people do not have access to sufficient risk-management tools. Therefore, they are susceptible to fall back or fall deeply into scarcity when such uninsured risks eventuate. However, if these risks have been insured against, the potentially noteworthy damage to the individual, their family and the wider community will be lessened and could even be eradicated altogether.

Therefore, microinsurance is imperative to the fortification of low income people in developing countries where more common commercial insurance is not suitable, as it would be uncommercial for an insurer to offer the cover and high-priced for a consumer to buy it.

Microinsurance Delivery Methods

Deliverance of microinsurance is a challenge. Different methods and models exist that can fluctuate according to the organization, foundation, and provider involved. Generally, there are four major methods for delivering microinsurance to a client base: the partner agent model, the provider driven model, the full service model, and the community based model:

  • Partner-agent model: The model consists of a partnership between the microinsurance system and an agent. In few cases a third-party healthcare provider. The microinsurance system is liable for the delivery and marketing of products to the clients, while the agent hold on to all liability for design and development. In this model, microinsurance system benefits from limited risk but is also limited in their control.

  • Full-service model: The model in which the microinsurance system is in command of everything; both the design and delivery of products to the clients, working in combination with outside healthcare providers. While advantage from full control, the disadvantage of the full service model is the higher risks.

  • Supplier-motivated model: This model in which the healthcare provider is the microinsurance system, and analogous to the full-service model, is liable for all operations, delivery, design, and service. This disadvantage of this method is the restrictions of products and services that can be accessible.

  • Neighborhood-based/mutual model: In this method, policyholders or clients are operating everything, working with outside healthcare providers to offer services. This model is advantageous for its aptitude to design and market products more simply and efficiently, but the small size and scope of operations limits efficacy.

BENEFITS OF MICROINSURANCE

Microinsurance system is created for the persons who having low income and unable to pay huge amounts for their rescue The existence of uninsured risks may signify that low income people generate and/or consume in a less competent manner. This could suppress income, productivity and/or standards of living on a wider possibly national scale. Microinsurance makes it possible for low income people to generate and/or consume more efficiently by facilitating them to take more calculated and suitable risks.

The example of microinsurance can understand with the help of farmers without microinsurance they may opt for to grow crops that are more drought resistant but have much lesser yields in good seasons. Though, if those farmers were insured against a bad harvest, they would be in a better position to grow crops that have high yields in good years and bad yields in years of drought. The scattering of risk by virtue of microinsurance would thereby support larger possible returns; not only for the producing individual and their neighborhood but also for the economy as a whole, thanks to the enhanced manufacture and sustainable consumption.